There is no translation available.

Floodam-agri est une librairie développée en langage de script R qui permet de construire des fonctions de dommage aux inondations pour les parcelles cultivées. Le dommage est assimilé à la perte de valeur ajoutée en fonction des perturbations induites par les inondations et les stratégies suivies par les exploitants. Il tient compte de la saisonnalité au travers des cycles végétatifs et des itinéraires techniques.
 
Floodam-agri repose sur une décomposition des parcelles en 4 grandes composantes (sol, matériel végétal, récolte, équipement).
 
Floodam-agri contient une bibliothèque de fonctions de dommage élémentaires pour ces composantes, pour une cinquantaine de cultures types, qui ont été construites en partenariat avec des experts dommages intervenant dans les processus d'indemnisation assurantielle.
 
Les possibilités offerts par floodam-agri sont notamment :
  • la création d'une fonction de dommage pour une culture donnée ;
  • la création de fonction de dommage pour une typologie de culture (comme celle du RPG) ;
  • l'adaptation de ces fonctions de dommage à des contextes particuliers.
 
Floodam-agri est l'outil qui a été utilisé pour les fonctions de dommages nationales aux cultures préconisées par le MTES.
There is no translation available.

floodam overview uk
 
 
 
Floodam est une librairie développée en langage de script R qui permet de construire des fonctions de dommage aux inondations pour les enjeux localisés dans des bâtiments (logements, activités économiques notamment). Le dommage est assimilé au coût de remise en situation avant l'inondation (nettoyage, réparation, remplacement).
 
 
Floodam contient une bibliothèque de fonctions de dommage élémentaires pour ces composantes élémentaires, qui ont été construites en partenariat avec des experts bâtiments et des experts dommages intervenant dans les processus d'indemnisation assurantielle.
 
 
 
 
Les possibilités offertes par floodam sont notamment :
 
  • la création d'une fonction de dommage pour en enjeu bâti particulier ;
  • la création de fonction de dommage pour une typologie d'enjeux bâtis ;
  • l'estimation de l'efficacité de mesures de réduction de la vulnérabilité (système de protection ou adaptations des matériaux de construction) ;
  • l'estimation des incertitudes des fonctions de dommage en fonction de la nature des matériaux.
Floodam est l'outil qui a été utilisé pour les fonctions de dommages nationales aux entreprises préconisées par le MTES.
There is no translation available.

Ce Post-doctorat en sciences sociales qui associe le LISIS à Paris (Gabrielle Bouleau) et l’UMR G-EAU à Montpellier (Christelle Gramaglia) permettra d’enquêter sur les modes de gouvernance de la qualité des eaux de baignade à Paris et Berlin ainsi que sur les pratiques fluviales dans les deux villes. Le candidat ou la candidate devra impérativement parler Français et Allemand.

 

Le ou la candidat(e) participera au projet H2020 Digital Water Cities qui vise, plus largement, à accompagner la conception d’interfaces digitales permettant la diffusion d’informations sur la qualité de l’eau en temps réel.

 

Durée du contrat : 13 mois

Début du contrat : 1er octobre 2020

Tous les détails pour candidater sont donnés dans le fichier que vous pouvez télécharger ci-contre.

There is no translation available.

Claire Dedieu est lauréate du Prix de thèse 2020 des Collectivités territoriales du GRALE, avec le soutien de la MNT.

Elle obtient le 2e Prix pour ses travaux de thèse en Sciences Politiques intitulés "Quand l’État se retire. La suppression de l’ingénierie publique dans le domaine de l’eau".

Cette thèse a été réalisée sous la direction d'Emmanuel Négrier avec un co-encadrement de Sylvain Barone.

Ses travaux ont été considérés d'une grande qualité et reconnus riches et novateurs en matière de recherche.

There is no translation available.

Séminaire le lundi 29 juin de 13h30 à 14h30 Webinaire Nils Ferrand (INRAE)

"(Faire) Participer pour créer et engager des transitions. Exemple de participation intégrative avec cooplaage"

Dr. Nils Ferrand leads the CoOPLAaGE R&D program, which develops and implements internationally a set of innovative participatory methods to support multi-level management and governance of water and territories, between communities, policy makers and experts. Since 1993, in 40+ countries, he has steered action-research projects supporting governments, institutions and NGOs in adapting their decision processes and organizations. He has designed, validated and transferred new participatory tools for co-designing governance procedures (PrePAR), integrative planning (COOPLAN), participatory modeling kits to customize games for co-management & policy (Wat-A-Game), policy framing and multi-impact monitoring and evaluation (ENCORE).

Tools are physical (on-board) but computer versions are also made available online. He has also a background in water (IWRM, scarcity, irrigation, reuse, WASH, floods, hydromorpho., ecos. services) & environmental sciences, complex systems modelling, artificial intelligence (decision support), socio-environmental engineering, social impact assessment and social simulation, policy integration and international project development. He has worked for UN-DESA, World Bank CMI, OECD, IWMI, ILRI, IFAD, AFD, GIZ, CGIAR, Eur. Comm, EuropAid, ABN, AERMC, EPAMA, CIRAD, FR Ministries of Agriculture and Environment, Govt of Tunisia, Sénégal, Kiribatis, Costa-Rica, Mozambique, New-Caledonia, Regions of Occitanie, Rhône-Alpes, Britanny and many other Water organizations and management authorities. He is currently senior researcher (CR-HC) at IRSTEA, the FR. Nat. Res. Inst. for Sc. and Tech. for Environment and Agriculture, in the Water Management, Actors & Uses (G-EAU) joint laboratory in Montpellier, France. He coordinates or works in 6 funded projects, supervises the CoOPLAaGE group and teaches up to 220h/year in international MSc & executive courses, after developing the “Terr’Eau & co”

50h online course on water & land participatory management. He has supervised more than 90 engineers, post-docs, PhDs and MSc.

 

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This PhD is proposed to improve stakeholders’ decisions in a context of a growing irrigation water scarcity translated nowadays in France in terms of more stringent water quotas than the previously granted individual authorizations. The challenge is therefore to achieve a distribution of total available water volume satisfactory for farmers, individually and collectively, and then to define adjustment rules.

 
Context and research question:

Irrigation water is a crucial resource for social and economic development in Tunisia. (Al Atiri, 2007; Lavenus et al., 2016; Elloumi, 2016). In a context of decentralization and devolution of the role of State, an important part of irrigation water management has been delegated to water users associations (Groupements de dévéloppement agricole – GDA) (Canesse, 2010 ; Hamdane, 2014). These water users associations are suffering for the difficulty to manage a ‘hidden’ common pool resource like groundwater, and because a lack of legitimacy from water users, resulting in a weak willingness to pay water fees (Mouri and Marlet, 2007).

Another problem that worths attention is aquifers overexploitation, which is due often to a predatory behaviour of irrigating farmers, called ‘free-riding’ in economics. This behaviour, studied since many years on CPR in the laboratory and in the field (Ostrom, 1999 ; Janssen et al., 2011), can be contrasted by butting in place a system of common rules decided and approved by the users, within an organization that manage the resource (here GDA).

In some areas of Tunisia, such as the governorate de Kebili, oasis surfaces increased by more than 50% between 2008 and 2018. These surfaces represent a real threat for sustainability of ecosystems, due particularly to a strong and uncontrolled pressure on water resource. Public decision makers and producers of oasis are looking for innovative solutions to manage land and water, find new pathways allowing at the same time a better valorization of the resources and an improved local livelihood.

A behavioural analysis of irrigation water extraction choices by farmers of Tunisian GDA is justified by the need to identify management mechanisms for these institutions, based on rules accepted and recognized by users. This type of rules can actually allow to reduce free-riding and to promote cooperative behaviour among farmers (Ostrom, 2000).

We have previously implemented a field survey on four GDA and a test in the laboratory (Farolfi et al., 2018), confirming the presence of a causality between information provided to farmers and their willingness to pay for water. In this dissertation subject, we propose to answer the following research question: what is the influence of the establishment of an approval/disapproval system for extraction of the common pool resource on the users’ extractions? In other words, can a system based on the approval mechanism reduce the degradation of common pool resource observable in the absence of such a mechanism? Secondly, how different approval mechanisms can influence the behaviour of the irrigation farmer in Tunisia?
 
 
Keywords: Water, Experimental economics, Irrigation , Approval mechanisms, Lab-in-the-field experiences,Oasis.
 
Profile and skills required: 
Previous experience on field experiments would be very appreciated. Excellent capacity to formalize economic problems and to implement experimental protocols, analyze collected data and discuss results.

A good capacity to conduct field researches, even in difficult conditions, and in close collaboration with local stakeholders, would be extremely important.

Knowledge of software to build experimental programs (Z-Tree) and for collected data processing (R or Stata) would be important assets.

Language skills: French and English (written, oral, excellent writing skills). Knowledge of Arabic would be an important plus.
 
 
Scientific material and financial conditions of the research project:

The thesis work will take place at the UMR G-Eau, Montpellier in close collaboration with the UM/ LEEM. The fieldwork will be carried out in Tunisia, in the governorate of Kebili, in a safe area for the realization of surveys and field experiments. The support provided by colleagues from INAT Tunis will be essential for the successful completion of the fieldwork.
An IRESA project on the resilience of oasis systems will cover the field costs of this thesis.

 
Supervision:
Supervision : Stefano FAROLFI (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) - Co-Director : Marc WILLINGER (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)
Co-supervision: Sylvie MORARDET, G-Eau INRAE, INAT Tunis CSI: Faten KHAMASSI, INAT Tunis Douadia BOUGHERARA, CEE-M, INRAE, Montpellier Dimitri DUBOIS, CEE-M, CNRS, Montpellier Tristan LE COTTY, CIRED, Cirad, Montpellier
 
 
Start of thesis : October 1st, 2020
 
Deadline to apply: June 30, 2020
WARNING!!! The application must be made on the EDEG website: https://edeg.umontpellier.fr/
 
For more informations, you may download the document opposite and/or visit the website: https://edeg.umontpellier.fr/  under the heading "CONTRATS DOCTORAUX" - "Propositions sujets EDEG 2020" 
 
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